Summary of Quran Chapter 84 Surah Al-Inshiqaq The Splitting Asunder

Surah Al-Inshiqaq Chapter 84 of the Quran, (The Splitting Open), is a Meccan surah of 25 verses. It vividly describes the events of the Day of Judgment and the aftermath of the world’s end.

Cosmic Events (Verses 1-5):

  • The chapter opens with a dramatic depiction of the heavens splitting open and obeying the command of Allah.
  • The earth is stretched out, casts out what is within it, and becomes empty, also obeying its Lord’s command.

Human Accountability (Verses 6-15):

  • Humanity is reminded that they will labor toward their Lord and meet Him.
  • Those who receive their book of deeds in their right hand will have an easy reckoning and return joyfully to their families.
  • Conversely, those who receive their book behind their back will invoke destruction upon themselves and enter a blazing fire, as they live a life of ease without regard for their Lord.

Creation and Signs (Verses 16-18):

  • Oaths are taken by the twilight, the night, and the moon when it becomes full, emphasizing the inevitability of the Day of Judgment.

Consequences and Warnings (Verses 19-25):

  • The chapter reiterates that people will ascend from one stage to another in their journey.
  • Disbelievers who deny the truth will face a painful punishment, while the righteous will be granted an unending reward.

The surah concludes by reminding that the disbelievers are heedless and reject the truth, while Allah is fully aware of their deeds and will recompense them accordingly.

Surah Al-Inshiqaq serves as a powerful reminder of the transient nature of life and the certainty of the afterlife, urging individuals to reflect on their actions and prepare for their ultimate meeting with their Creator. 


surah al-Inshiqaq


Surah Inshiqaq Hadith

Chapter: Prostration In Surah’s Inshiqaq And Iqra’

Narrated Abu Rafi’:

I offered the night prayer behind Abu Hurairah. He recited Surah Al-Inshiqaq (“When the sky is rent asunder”) and prostrated himself. I asked him: What is this prostration ? He replied: I prostrated myself on account of this (surah) behind Abu al-Qasim (i.e. the Prophet). I shall continue prostrating on account of this till I meet him. 

Grade:   Sahih (Al-Albani) 

Reference: Sunan Abi Dawud 1408

In-book reference: Book 7, Hadith 8

English translation: Book 7, Hadith 1403. 

Hadith Surah Inshiqaq 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abdullah ibn Yazid, the mawla of al Aswad ibn Sufyan, from Abu Salama ibn Abd-ur-Rahman that Abu Huraira recited Surah al-Inshiqaq (Sura 84) to them and prostrated in it. When he had finished he told them that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had prostrated in it.

Book 15, Hadith 13

(English) reference: Book 15, Hadith 12

Arabic reference: Book 15, Hadith 484.