Summary of Quran Chapter 24 An-Nur The Light 

The main theme of this surah is to give necessary
instructions and orders to prevent immorality and obscenity in society and to
promote chastity and chastity. Among the characteristics of the believers that
were described at the beginning of the previous chapter, one of the most
important characteristics was that they protect their private parts, that is,
they lead a modest life. Now in this surah, the essential requirements of
leading a virtuous life have been described. 


Therefore, in the very beginning of the Surah, the
Shariah punishment for adultery has been stated, and at the same time, it has
been stated that just as adultery is a very heinous crime, in the same way,
accusing an innocent person of adultery without medical evidence is not only a
grave sin. Rather, severe legal punishment has been prescribed for him. The
prevailing belief is that this surah was revealed in the sixth year after
Hijrah. That year, Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon
him) received information about an Arab tribe, the Banu al-Mustaliq, that they
were gathering an army to attack him. 

The Last Prophet dashed their ambitions by preempting his attack. On his return from this journey,
the hypocrites leveled a baseless accusation against Hazrat Aisha (RA) and made
her widely known in Madinah. Some sincere Muslims were also affected. Verses 11
to 20 of this Surah were revealed to announce the acquittal of Hazrat Aisha,
and promises of severe punishment were given to those who committed the heinous
crime of slander and to those who spread nudity and obscenity in society. Also,
as a first step to protecting chastity and abstinence, women have been ordered to
veil in this Surah, and the necessary manners and procedures for visiting other
people’s houses have been explained.