Summary of Quran Chapter 1 Surah Al Fatiha The Opening,

    1. Introduction to Surah Al-Fatihah (The Cow) 

    (A). The subject of Surah: In this Surah, first of all, there is the expression of the feeling of gratitude which is or should be inculcated in a person of sound nature by observing the Lord Almighty, His infinite mercy, and His law of justice in the system of this universe. ۔ Then from this spirit of gratitude the spirit of devotion to God and the spirit of help which arises or should arise from it has been interpreted. Then from this movement of passion the further demand and search for guidance and direction that has arisen or should be created, has been revealed. 

    (B). The style of the surah: The style of this surah is du’aa ‘. But the style of speech is not to teach the addressee to pray like this, but the real prayer has been placed on our tongue, pointing to the fact that if we have good nature, then the prayer of our heart should come out of our tongue. Should Because this interpretation is given by Allah, the Creator of our nature. For this reason, no more true interpretation can be imagined. Every civilized person considers this to be the voice of his own heart. Only those who have spoiled their nature can feel any alienation from it. 

    Although Surah Al-Fatihah is one of the short surahs of
    the Qur’an. It has a total of seven verses, but it is the greatest surah of the
    Qur’an. This Surah has also been called Umm Al-Quran and is also the basis of the
    Quran. That is, it is the root, the basis, and the basis for the whole Qur’an.
    In what sense is the name Al-Fatiha?
    فَتَحَ يَفتَحُ
    means to open. Since the Qur’an begins with this Surah, it is Surah Al-Fatihah
    (The Opening Surah of the Qur’an). 

    One of its names is Al-Kafiyya meaning Sufficient, while
    one name is Al-Shafi’i meaning Healing. Secondly, note that this Surah is the
    first complete Surah to be revealed to Muhammad, the Messenger of God. Various
    verses were revealed before that. The first five verses of Surah Al-Alaq, then
    seven verses of Surah N or Surah Al-Qalam, then nine verses of Surah
    Al-Muzammil, then seven verses of Surah Al-Muddaththir and then seven verses of
    Surah Al-Fatihah were revealed. But this is the first complete surah that has
    been revealed to Muhammad, the Messenger of God. 

    Surah Al-Fatiha 1-7 Quran Chapter One 

    Surah Al-Fatihah is not only the first surah in the
    present order of the Holy Qur’an, but it is the first surah to be revealed in
    its entirety. No surah had been revealed before that. On the contrary, some
    verses of some Surahs came. The intention of placing this surah at the
    beginning of the Holy Qur’an seems to be that whoever seeks guidance from the
    Holy Qur’an, should first acknowledge the attributes of his Creator and Master
    and give thanks to Him One should seek guidance from Him like a seeker.
    Therefore, in it, the servants are taught the prayer that a seeker of truth
    should ask from Allah, that is, the prayer of the straight path. Thus, in this
    Surah, the supplication for a straight path has been asked, the whole Qur’an is
    an explanation of what that straight path is. 

    Surah Al-Fatihah has three parts 

    You can divide this blessed Surah into three parts. In
    the first three verses, there is praise and glorification of Allah, in the last
    three verses, there is a supplication to Allah, while in the fourth verse there is a covenant between the servant and his Lord. It is like a hand slack
    of Allah and the servant. 

    Part One: In the first three verses, man expresses the
    facts as far as he is concerned. These three verses together form one sentence. 

    Part Two: The second part of Surah Al-Fatihah consists of
    only one verse, which is the main verse of this Surah in every respect. 

    Part Three: However the middle and central verse is the
    statement between the servant and Allah. Which is the division between Allah
    and the servant. 

    Hadith on Surah Al Fatiha 

    The benefit of Surat al-Fatihah, Allah
    Almighty response 

    Abu Huraira reported 

    The Prophet, peace, and blessings are upon him, said,
    “Allah Almighty said: I have divided prayer between Myself and My servant into
    two halves, and My servant shall have what he has asked for. When the servant
    says, ‘All praise is due to Allah the Lord of the worlds,’ Allah says: My
    servant has praised Me. When he says, ‘The Gracious, the Merciful,’ Allah says:
    My servant has exalted Me. When he says, ‘The Master of the Day of Judgment,’
    Allah says: My servant has glorified Me and my servant has submitted to Me.
    When he says, ‘You alone we worship, You alone we ask for help,’ Allah says:
    This is between Me and My servant, and My servant will have what he has asked
    for. When he says, ‘Guide us to the straight path, the path of those whom you
    have favored, not those who went astray,’ Allah says: This is for My servant,
    and My servant will have what he has asked for.”

    Source: Sahih Muslim 395 Book of Prayers

    According to this hadith, Surah Al-Fatihah will be
    divided into three parts. The first part is for the totality of Allah and the
    last part is totally for the servant, while the middle and central verse is the
    statement between the servant and Allah. As if the first half of it is for
    Allah and the second half is for the servant. In this way, the division of half
    and a half was completed. 

    Saying Ameen at the End 

    Saying Ameen at the end of this Surah is a good way.
    “Ameen” means, O Allah, so be it. Since the style of this blessed
    Surah is supplication, at the end of the supplication, saying Amen, the servant
    then goes to Allah and says, “O my Lord! | I have submitted this petition to
    you, so accept it. 

    These quotations are taken from the books of various religious scholars.