Summary of
Quran Chapter 29 Surah Al-Ankabut The Spider 

This surah was
revealed during the period of Makkah when the Muslims were suffering from their
enemies. Some Muslims were sometimes troubled by the severity of these
sufferings, and their courage began to break. In this surah, Allah Almighty has
given such valuable instructions to such Muslims. First of all, it has been
said at the very beginning of the Surah that the paradise that Allah has
prepared for the believers is not so satisfying that it can be attained without

After believing, a person has to go through various trials. It has
also been reported that all these sufferings are temporary, and finally a time
will come when the oppressors will no longer have the power to oppress, and
Islam and the Muslims will gain the upper hand. In this background, Allah
Almighty has narrated the incidents of several previous Prophets in this Surah,
in which it happened that the believers faced difficulties in the
beginning, but in the end, Allah Almighty punished the wrongdoers. destroyed,
and gave victory to the oppressed believers.


Quran chapter 29

During this period of Makkah life,
many incidents occurred such that the children became Muslims, and the parents
persisted in disbelief and began to force their children to return to
disbelief. They said that being a parent, his children should also obey him in
matters of religion. In verse 8 of this Surah [And We have enjoined on man to be good and dutiful to his parents; but if they strive to make you join with Me (in worship) anything (as a partner) of which you have no knowledge, then obey them not. To Me is your return and I shall tell you what you used to do], Allah Almighty has stated this
moderate and true principle in this regard that man has to treat his, or her
parents well, but if they command disobedience to Allah Almighty in disbelief,
then obeying them is not permissible. The Muslims for whom the persecution of
the infidels of Makkah was becoming unbearable, are not only permitted in this
Surah but also encouraged to migrate from Makkah to a place where they can
enjoy their peace. Be able to practice religion. 

Some disbelievers used to urge
Muslims to leave the religion of Islam, and if as a result of this, any
punishment from Allah Almighty befalls them, then we will bear it on your
behalf. In verses 12  and 13 of this surah, the reality of this false offering
has been made clear that in the Hereafter no one will be able to bear the
burden of another’s sins. 
[Verse 12: And those who disbelieve say to those who believe: “Follow our way and we will verily bear your sins. “Never will they bear anything of their sins. Surely, they are liars-Verse 13: And verily, they shall bear their own loads, and other loads besides their own; and verily, they shall be questioned on the Day of Ressurection about that which they used to fabricate.]. 

Apart from this, the arguments of monotheism, prophethood,
and the hereafter are also explained in this surah. The objections raised
by the disbelievers in this regard have also been answered. Ankabut” means
a spider in Arabic. In verse 41 of this Surah, Allah Almighty has said that
the example of the polytheists is like someone relying on a spider’s web,
that’s why the name of this Surah is Surah Al-Ankabut. [Verse 41: The likeness of those who take (false deities as) Auliya’ (protectors, helpers) other than Allah is the likeness of a spider who builds (for itself) a house; but verily, the frailest (weakest) of the house is the spider’s house—if they but knew].