Summary of Quran Chapter 54, Surah Al-Qamar, The Moon 

This Surah (chapter) was revealed in Mecca at the time
when the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) demonstrated the miracle of
splitting the moon. That’s why it is named Surah Qamar (The Moon). It is
narrated in Sahih al-Bukhari by Hazrat Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her)
that when this Surah was revealed, she was a young girl who used to play. 

surah al-qamar quran chapter 54 the moon

subject matter of this Surah, like other Meccan Surahs, calls the Arab
disbelievers to believe in the Oneness of Allah, Prophethood, and the
Hereafter. In the process, it briefly mentions the stories of the nations of ‘Aad
and Thamud, the Prophets Noah and Lot (peace be upon them), and the tragic fate
of Pharaoh. It emphasizes repeatedly that Allah has made the Quran easy for
admonition, so who will take advice? (And We have indeed made the Qur’an easy
to understand and remember, then is there any who will remember (or receive