Summary of Quran Chapter 31 Luqman Surah Luqman 

This Surah (Chapter)
was also revealed in the period of the city of Makkah, when the opposition of
the Meccan infidels regarding Prophet Mohammad and the Qur’an was at its peak,
and the chiefs of the infidels were trying to stop the spread of Islam through
pretexts and violent acts. When the effective style of the Holy Qur’an affected
the hearts of the people, they tried to divert their attention from it by
confusing them with anecdotes and poetry. 


Which is mentioned at the beginning
of this surah (verse 6)? Hazrat Luqman was famous as a wise and intellectual
among Arabs. Arabs gave great weight to his wise words; even poets have
mentioned him as a sage in their poems. The Holy Qur’an has made it clear in the
surah that sages and intellectuals like Luqman, whose intellect and wisdom you
believe to be iron, were also convinced of monotheism. 

He called it a great
injustice to associate anyone with Allah. He had made a will to his son that you
should never commit shirk. In this regard, this surah has mentioned much other
valuable advice of his, which he gave to his son. On the other hand, the
condition of the polytheists of Makkah was that they used to exhort their
children to monotheism and good deeds, but they forced them to commit
polytheism, and if any of their children became Muslims, they used to pressure
them to He should adopt polytheism again.

Accordingly, among the pieces of advice of
Hazrat Luqman, in verses (14 and 15) of this Surah (Chapter), Allah once again
stated the principle, which has also been mentioned in Surah Al-Ankabut [The
Spider] (29:8) that respect and obedience to parents is in its place. However,
if they pressure their children to accept Shirk (join a partner in worship with
Allah Almighty), then it is not permissible to accept what they say. Apart from
this, this surah contains arguments for monotheism and effective articles of
reminder of the Hereafter. 

Qur’an Chapters

31:6: And of mankind is he who purchases idle talks (i.e. music, singing, etc.) to mislead (men) from the Path of Allah without knowledge, and takes it (the path of Allah, or the Verses of the Qur’an) by way of mockery. For such there will be a humiliating torment (in the Hell-Fire). 

31:14: And We
have enjoined on man (to be dutiful and good) to his parents. His mother bore
him in weakness and hardship upon weakness and hardship, and weaning is in two years
give thanks to Me and to your parents. To Me is the final destination. 

31:15: But if
they (both) strive with you to make you join in worship with Me others that of
which you have no knowledge, then obey them not; but behave with them in the
world kindly, and follow the path of him who turns to Me in repentance and in
obedience. Then to Me will be your returns, and I shall tell you what you used
to do. 

29:8: And We
have enjoined on man to be good and dutiful to his parents, but if they strive
to make you join with Me (in worship) anything (as a partner), of which you
have no knowledge, then obey them not. To Me is your return and I shall tell
you what you used to do.