Summary of Quran Chapter 51, Surah Adh-Dhariyat, The
Winds that Scatter 

1: From here to Surah Al-Hadid (Iron) (Surah number 57),
apart from Surah Rahman (The Most Gracious), all Surahs (Chapters) are Makki
(revealed in Mecca), and their fundamental theme is the instruction of the
basic beliefs of Islam, particularly the life Hereafter, the conditions of
Paradise and Hell, and the instructive consequences of past nations. This
impact cannot be transferred into another language through any translation, but
an attempt has been made to express their meaning to some extent through
translations. Since the contents of all these Surahs are similar, a separate
introduction has not been given for each Surah until Surah Al-Waqi’ah (The
Event). (Islamic Scholar Mufti Taqi Usmani). 

Surah Adh-Dhariyat The winds that scatter

2: Second Opinion (Late: Dr. Israr Ahmed). 

Surah Adh-Dhariyat begins with four oaths. This is the
second Surah of the Noble Quran to start in this manner. Before this, in the 23rd Juz (section) of the Quran, there is Surah As-Saffat, which also begins similarly, with three oaths. 

1: By those (angels) ranged in ranks (or rows). 

2: By those (angels) who drive the clouds in a good way. 

3: By those (angels) who bring the Book and the Qur’an from
Allah to mankind. 

4: Verily, your IILah (God) is indeed One (i.e. Allah). (Quran
Chapter: 1-4:37, As-Saffat, (Those Ranged in Ranks). 

The connection of Surah As-Saffat and the group of Surahs
it belongs to is centered around the theme of Monotheism, with its central
message being the Oneness of Allah. Therefore, the oaths at the beginning of
this Surah are also related to monotheism, emphasizing the belief that “Verily,
your IILah (God) is indeed One (i.e. Allah). Quran Chapter: 4:37, Surat
As-Saffat, (Those Ranged in Ranks) 

Since the central theme of the group of Surahs under
study is the warnings of the Hereafter, Surah Adh-Dhariyat affirms the
occurrence of the Day of Judgment and the recompense and punishment that will follow
after the oaths mentioned in its verses. 

5: Verily, that which you are promised (i.e. Resurrection
in the Hereafter and receiving the reward or punishment of good or bad deeds)
is surely true. 

6: And verily, the Recompense is sure to happen. (Quran Chapter: 51, Adh-Dhariyat, The Winds that Scatter). 

as there is a general consensus among scholars of Tafsir (Quranic exegesis)
regarding the oaths in Surah As-Saffat being related to angels, similarly,
there is a widespread agreement among scholars that the oaths in Surah
Adh-Dhariyat are related to the mention of winds or breezes.